Birds

Negros Bleeding-heart Pigeon

Name: 
(Badlitan)
Gallicolumba keayi

It is only found in the Negros-Panay Faunal region. It will soon become extinct if there are no serious efforts for its conservation.

The red patch of what appears to be “Blood” is actually the color of the feathers.

Conservation Status: 
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

Philippine Cockatoo

Name: 
(Katala)
Cacatua haematuropygia

It used to be found all over the Philippines but most of its remaining population is confined to Rasa Island in Palawan. It has also been recorded in the few remaining patches of secondary forests on Polillo Island in Luzon.

It is critically endangered mainly due to habitat destruction and collection from the wild for illegal pet trade.

Their diet includes seeds, fruits, nuts and berries.

Conservation Status: 
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

Visayan Writhed Hornbill

Name: 
(Talarak)
Rhabdotorrhinus waldeni

This species is found only in Negros and Panay Islands. Deforestation has led to its extinction in Guimaras and its extreme scarcity elsewhere. They use natural or carved-out hollows in tree trunks for their nests.

Functionally extinct in Negros (BLI)

Conservation Status: 
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

Philippine Duck

Name: 
(Dakit)
Anas luzonica

This is the only duck endemic to the Philippines. It is quite common in freshwater marshes, shallow lakes, rice fields and sometimes in secluded bays.

Breeding is observed all year round and may roost in secluded bays with up to 1200 birds recorded in Subic Bay, Luzon.

Conservation Status: 
VULNERABLE

Pink-bellied Imperial Pigeon

Name: 
(Hagumhum)
Ducula poliocephala

An uncommon pigeon found throughout the Philippines but it is becoming particularly rare. It is the only large pigeon with all green breast and pinkish grey belly.

This pigeon is found singly or in small groups, often with two or more birds calling to one another. It feeds on fruits in the forest canopy and on forest edges.

Conservation Status: 
NEAR THREATENED

Southern Rufous Hornbill

Name: 
(kalaw)
Buceros mindanensis

It is the largest hornbill species in the Philippines and commonly distributed all over the country. In the Visayas, the species can be found in Biliran, Bohol, Leyte and Samar.

The species is an omnivore (feeding mainly on fruits and some insects). Females lay eggs inside nest cavities in trunk of live or dead trees inside the forests.

If habitat destruction, hunting and poaching continues and lack of suitable trees in some areas, their population in the wild will be threatened in the near future.

Conservation Status: 
VULNERABLE

White-bellied Woodpecker

Name: 
Dryocpus javensis philippinensis

This species is one of the largest living species of woodpecker and nest in large dead trees. Their drums and calls are louder than those of the smaller woodpeckers.

They feed mainly on insects such as ants or grubs obtained largely from under bark but sometimes eat fruit.

Conservation Status: 
NEAR THREATENED

Luzon Bleeding-heart Pigeon

Name: 
(Punalada)
Gallicolumba luzonica

An uncommon dove usually seen walking on the forest floor, it is a very shy and secretive bird that feeds on small fruits and seeds. A very distinctive feature of this dove is a large orange red “bleeding” spot in the center of its white breast.

The red patch on their chest is often described like a “gunshot wound” compared with the “stab wound” of their Negros cousins.

Conservation Status: 
NEAR THREATENED

Visayan Tarictic Hornbill

Name: 
(Tularik)
Penelopides Panini

One of the smaller Philippine hornbill found only in the remaining forest patches of Negros and Panay.

The female hornbill, like all species of hornbill, seals herself inside a tree cavity after mating, where she stays for three months. She lays and incubates her eggs inside the cavity, being fed by the male until the eggs hatch and her chicks are ready to fly.

Conservation Status: 
ENDANGERED

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